International migration fell sharply in 2020 due to Covid-19, according to OECD
The flow of immigrants to developed countries has fallen at its fastest rate on record at the height of the Covid-19 pandemic last year, the club of major OECD economies said in a report on Thursday.
Some 3.7 million people immigrated last year to the 38 major developed and emerging economies that make up the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the lowest level since 2003, the OECD said in its annual report. on migration.
“The COVID-19 crisis caused the biggest drop on record in migratory flows to the OECD, by more than 30%,” the report adds.
The number of new immigrants to the United States, the main migration destination in the OECD, fell 44% to 576,000 as the country closed its borders to stem the spread of the virus.
France welcomed 230,000 new immigrants, down 21%.
All categories of migration have been affected by the health crisis, according to the report – the first to show the impact of Covid over a full year.
The number of new asylum applications fell by 31%, the biggest drop since the Balkan wars of the early 1990s.
Immigrants have also been disproportionately affected by the jobs crisis triggered by the pandemic last year, with the proportion of employment falling from 2.1 percentage points in 2020 to around two-thirds, according to the report.
“The economic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic has ended 10 years of continuous progress in immigrant labor market outcomes,” the Parisian club said.